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Small Ice Games Net Big Benefits for Missouri Program

By Mike Scandura, 02/15/17, 2:30PM MST


Kirkwood youth players reaping rewards of small-ice hockey

Development doesn’t happen while players are standing around.

And the last thing the Kirkwood (Missouri) Youth Hockey board of directors wanted was for its young players standing idly by with little to do. As a result, the board decided to implement quarter-ice, 3-on-3 games for 6U kids using QuickChange pads, which allow for a speedy transition from skater to goalie.

Players remain on the ice for only 45 seconds and then either switch with other players or rest briefly to keep the game fast-paced.

“There are several benefits,” Kirkwood American Development Model Director/Director of Hockey Operations Mike Carapella said. “First and foremost, smaller spaces keep more kids involved. You won’t have a kid drifting off, because there is less space to drift into. More kids touch the puck, which is great. We’re seeing more kids involved and there’s more stick-handling.

“The biggest thing is the width has been cut down, so when kids go toward the other end, it makes for tighter stick-handling.”

Because players are forced to make quicker decisions than otherwise might be the case, the games are more competitive.

“The coaches say it’s a lot of fun to watch, because the games are faster and there’s more stick-handling, more dangling,” Carapella said. “We’ve only done it for a few weeks, but the coaches love it. Overall, the parents feel it looks great and everyone has been happy so far.”

Since there is more action in quarter-ice games, youngsters enjoy being more involved instead of being on the outside looking in.

“The games are faster and that’s what they like,” Carapella said. “The advantage of smaller ice is kids that were disengaged [in larger-ice games] could float off into other parts of the rink.

“Now, they can’t hide from the play. It’s definitely going to keep those kids more engaged.”

Over the years, Kirkwood has offered a mini mites program with six teams named after the original six NHL teams.

“We used small nets that are smaller than the intermediate nets used at the 8U level,” Carapella said. “We always have six teams with 36 kids and we ran three cross-ice games on the rink.

“We found that our numbers grew; now we have eight teams. We may have more next year. With eight teams, we needed four games. The last thing we wanted was to have anyone sitting out. So, with this quarter-ice 3v3, you’re on the ice and off, on and off, never sitting out for long.”

Kirkwood then decided to purchase more divider bumpers in order to cut the rink into four sections and also to invest in QuickChange pads.

“QuickChange pads allow us to change goalies frequently, so every kid gets a chance to experience the position and we can have goalies in every game,” Carapella said. “But we still feel the biggest benefit is that we keep kids moving. The QuickChange pads pop on and pop off.

“They’re small and light. We’ve had fantastic reviews from them.”

Kirkwood’s implementation of quarter-ice games has drawn the attention of neighboring associations.

“We play outside teams,” Carapella said. “Now we have other clubs coming in to play on a smaller ice surface. Often, we’ll have eight teams instead of six and we cut [the ice] into four quadrants.”

Another reason why Kirkwood decided on quarter-ice games was the success of its learn-to-play program.

“Our learn-to-play program is busting at the seams,” Carapella said. “That’s when we decided we had to be more creative.”

All this forward thinking helped earn Kirkwood its designation as a USA Hockey Model Association.

“I think it’s been ingrained in our coaches what the ADM is,” Carapella said. “The whole process of being certified has been a great plus and [the ADM] has helped develop kids.

“It’s helped us build a strong relationship with USA Hockey. We have a good reputation in our town and we focus on developing players.”

Of all the aspects involved with the ADM, the focus on improving individual skills in small areas has been a major success.

“Smaller spaces have been the biggest advantage for us,” Carapella said. “We went from having full-ice games for 6U, where kids weren’t even touching the pucks, to a far better development scenario on smaller ice. Even in practice, we went from full-ice to shrinking it down to a size that related to the kids.

“That’s the No. 1 aspect of the ADM that’s made everyone better players.”

Story from Red Line Editorial, Inc.

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COVID-19 and the 2020-21 Season

By Matt Leaf 04/02/2020, 11:30am MDT

Even with almost 50 years of involvement in hockey, you can’t plan for the current state of the world and the impact coronavirus has had on our game. I think it is safe to say that nothing prepares you for the changes that have taken place in our daily lives and the uncertainty of when things might return to normal. Or in this case, what will become the new “normal.”

Our expertise is hockey, so what we’ll address in this piece: the impact of the global pandemic on our game and how likely it will affect our game in the immediate future. 

USA Hockey continues to post information on COVID-19 on the main website. These updates keep our membership informed of specific programs and the changing safety recommendations that will be in place when hockey returns. Be sure to check back regularly for updates and other hockey information.

On the officiating front, much of what we are able to do from a program standpoint is connected to player events like national tournaments and player development camps. As you know, the national tournaments (along with the March, April and May IIHF World Championship events) were cancelled. The Officiating Program then canceled our two instructor training programs that were planned for late April and early May in Lake Placid, N.Y., and Colorado Springs, Colo. 

At this time, details for any potential summer development camps are still being determined. On the player side, several camps we are connected to were cancelled, and the few camps that are still in planning have been dramatically downsized. The Officiating Program continues to monitor the decisions made for players and will take advantage of any opportunity we have to salvage our summer camp program and maximize participation.

The good news is, we are confident we will have a 2020-21 season. All indications show no reason to delay registration. It will open as scheduled on or around May 26, followed by the open book exams and online seminar curriculum on June 1. 

SafeSport Training (required for anyone born in the year 2003 or earlier) and background screening (learn about the new national level screening program in the Q & A section) will also be available to complete at that time. If COVID-19 still has things slowed down in early June, it would be an ideal time to get these requirements completed.

The biggest unknown will be the timing in which we will be able to conduct seminars. The vast majority of rinks are currently closed, and many of them took this opportunity to remove ice to save operating costs and do maintenance. There is now doubt they will be prepared to quickly ramp up once they are allowed to do so, but as with most everything right now, the timing is uncertain. As a result, some of the earlier seminars may be pushed back a few weeks. The District Referees-in-Chief will secure ice times and facilities so we can provide seminar dates and locations as quickly as possible. We are also encouraging our instructors to think outside the box by providing some weeknight seminar options, and to look at other ways to best meet the needs of our members.

The Advanced Officiating Symposium, scheduled for Providence, R.I. in late July, is still going to plan. We will continue to monitor the situation, including local restrictions and travel advisories in the coming weeks, and we will announce any changes in advance to allow for alterations to travel arrangements. Click here for up-to-date information or to reserve your seat at the 2020 Advanced Officiating Symposium.

These are difficult times for everyone, and although our hockey family is important to us, it is a small fraction of the big picture that is impacting our daily lives. To quote Andy Dufresne in his letter for Red that he left under the big oak tree in The Shawshank Redemption: “Hope is a good thing, maybe the best of things, and no good thing ever dies.”

We hope you and your loved ones are safe and healthy. We hope the coronavirus is conquered with minimal loss of lives and a return to a prosperous normal as soon as possible. We hope your passion for the game of hockey will only grow as a result of its absence. We hope we are back on the ice in the coming months and that the 2020-21 season will be our best yet.

Thank you for your continued support of USA Hockey and don’t hesitate to contact us if there is anything we can do to make your hockey experience a better one. In the meantime, stay safe, stay healthy and be prepared to be back on the ice soon.

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USA Hockey Announces National Background Screening Program

By USA Hockey 04/02/2020, 12:00pm MDT

In order to comply with new requirements from the United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee (USOPC), USA Hockey will be implementing a national level background screening program. This program will replace all USAH Affiliate coordinated background screen programs.

Why must officials be screened?
Per USA Hockey and USOPC policy, all coaches, officials, board members, employees, volunteers, billets and anyone else who will have regular contact with, or authority over, minor athletes are required to submit a background screen before any contact with minor athletes.

Who is required to be screened?
Officials who are 18 years-old (or older) prior to June 1 of the current year.

Any official, 18 years-old (or older) without a completed valid background screen (national or USAH Affiliate coordinated) after April 1, 2019.

All national background screens are valid for two seasons, and starting on June 1, 2020 a national background screen must be completed and in good standing before receiving an officiating card and crest.

What are the timelines for launching the national background screen program?
Beginning on April 1, 2020, background screening will be conducted by our national background screen vendor, National Center for Safety Initiatives (NCSI), and information on background screening will be included following your registration.

As of March 22, 2020, applicants will no longer be able to submit new USA Hockey background screens through USAH Affiliate vendors, and will not be able to submit new screens through NCSI until April 1, 2020.

If you were screened after April 1, 2019 for the 2019-20 season, your screen is valid for the 2020-21 season, and you will not need to be screened under the new system until prior to the 2021-22 season. If your most recent screen is from prior to April 1, 2019, you will need to be screened under the new system, after April 1, 2020, in order to participate in the upcoming season.

All new screens submitted through the new NCSI national screening program after April 1, 2020 will be valid for two seasons.  For example, a screen submitted and approved on April 15, 2020 will be valid through the end of the 2021-22 season, which is August 31, 2022.

How can members complete their required background screen?
A link to submit for screening will be included in your membership registration confirmation email and posted in the drop-down menu under the OFFICIALS tab at

Background screens through NCSI under the national program will cost $30 for all domestic screens. For international screens (members who have lived outside of the U.S. for six consecutive months in any one county during the past 7 years) the flat rate fee is $150. If that country is solely Canada, the flat rate fee is $75.

Where can members go with questions about the national background screen program?
Please refer to the USA Hockey Background Screen webpage at