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Small Ice Games Net Big Benefits for Missouri Program

By Mike Scandura, 02/15/17, 2:30PM MST

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Kirkwood youth players reaping rewards of small-ice hockey

Development doesn’t happen while players are standing around.

And the last thing the Kirkwood (Missouri) Youth Hockey board of directors wanted was for its young players standing idly by with little to do. As a result, the board decided to implement quarter-ice, 3-on-3 games for 6U kids using QuickChange pads, which allow for a speedy transition from skater to goalie.

Players remain on the ice for only 45 seconds and then either switch with other players or rest briefly to keep the game fast-paced.

“There are several benefits,” Kirkwood American Development Model Director/Director of Hockey Operations Mike Carapella said. “First and foremost, smaller spaces keep more kids involved. You won’t have a kid drifting off, because there is less space to drift into. More kids touch the puck, which is great. We’re seeing more kids involved and there’s more stick-handling.

“The biggest thing is the width has been cut down, so when kids go toward the other end, it makes for tighter stick-handling.”

Because players are forced to make quicker decisions than otherwise might be the case, the games are more competitive.

“The coaches say it’s a lot of fun to watch, because the games are faster and there’s more stick-handling, more dangling,” Carapella said. “We’ve only done it for a few weeks, but the coaches love it. Overall, the parents feel it looks great and everyone has been happy so far.”

Since there is more action in quarter-ice games, youngsters enjoy being more involved instead of being on the outside looking in.

“The games are faster and that’s what they like,” Carapella said. “The advantage of smaller ice is kids that were disengaged [in larger-ice games] could float off into other parts of the rink.

“Now, they can’t hide from the play. It’s definitely going to keep those kids more engaged.”



Over the years, Kirkwood has offered a mini mites program with six teams named after the original six NHL teams.

“We used small nets that are smaller than the intermediate nets used at the 8U level,” Carapella said. “We always have six teams with 36 kids and we ran three cross-ice games on the rink.

“We found that our numbers grew; now we have eight teams. We may have more next year. With eight teams, we needed four games. The last thing we wanted was to have anyone sitting out. So, with this quarter-ice 3v3, you’re on the ice and off, on and off, never sitting out for long.”

Kirkwood then decided to purchase more divider bumpers in order to cut the rink into four sections and also to invest in QuickChange pads.

“QuickChange pads allow us to change goalies frequently, so every kid gets a chance to experience the position and we can have goalies in every game,” Carapella said. “But we still feel the biggest benefit is that we keep kids moving. The QuickChange pads pop on and pop off.

“They’re small and light. We’ve had fantastic reviews from them.”

Kirkwood’s implementation of quarter-ice games has drawn the attention of neighboring associations.

“We play outside teams,” Carapella said. “Now we have other clubs coming in to play on a smaller ice surface. Often, we’ll have eight teams instead of six and we cut [the ice] into four quadrants.”

Another reason why Kirkwood decided on quarter-ice games was the success of its learn-to-play program.

“Our learn-to-play program is busting at the seams,” Carapella said. “That’s when we decided we had to be more creative.”

All this forward thinking helped earn Kirkwood its designation as a USA Hockey Model Association.

“I think it’s been ingrained in our coaches what the ADM is,” Carapella said. “The whole process of being certified has been a great plus and [the ADM] has helped develop kids.

“It’s helped us build a strong relationship with USA Hockey. We have a good reputation in our town and we focus on developing players.”

Of all the aspects involved with the ADM, the focus on improving individual skills in small areas has been a major success.

“Smaller spaces have been the biggest advantage for us,” Carapella said. “We went from having full-ice games for 6U, where kids weren’t even touching the pucks, to a far better development scenario on smaller ice. Even in practice, we went from full-ice to shrinking it down to a size that related to the kids.

“That’s the No. 1 aspect of the ADM that’s made everyone better players.”

Story from Red Line Editorial, Inc.

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One phone call led Johnathan Morrison into a tenured career with the International Paralympic Committee

Long before Johnathan Morrison was the officiating advisory group leader for the International Paralympic Committee, he was a 30-something-year-old trying to find his way on the international circuit. 

Little did Morrison know, a random phone call in October 2005 would change his life. He remembers it like it was yesterday. He had taken a puck to the face a month earlier and was still recovering from a broken cheekbone when Scott Brinkman gave him a ring. 

As the officiating advisory group leader for the International Paralympic Committee at the time, Brinkman was inquiring to see if Morrison had any interest in officiating a three-team sled hockey tournament in Colorado Springs, Colorado.

“He called and asked me if I wanted to get involved with the sport,” Morrison recalled. “Honestly, at that time I had never seen a game played. We were having this conversation about getting involved with the sport and he mentioned that there was an event in February 2006 that he wanted to send me to. It was kind of a chance for me to learn the ins and outs of the sport.”

Wait. There was more. 

“He told me if I did good he would send me to the 2006 Paralympic Games in Torino,” Morrison said. “I had just moved to the Twin Cities and had just started working the WCHA and that would’ve been right in the middle of playoff time. I remember saying to Scott, ‘When exactly will I know if I’m going to go to Torino?’ I asked because I needed to tell my college supervisor that I was going to be gone for the playoffs. He goes, ‘Well, let me rephrase that. Congratulations. You’ve been selected to go to the 2006 Paralympic Games in Torino.’ I was like, ‘Oh crap. Here we go.’”

All of a sudden Morrison was on a crash course, trying to learn the ropes of sled hockey as fast as possible. He watched a bunch of DVDs to study the game as well as any YouTube clips he could get his hands on. 

Then it was off to Colorado Springs without any sort of in-game experience.  

“I got very lucky because the other individual that they sent to that event in Colorado Springs was a gentleman by the name of Scott McDonald,” Morrison said. “He had been around the sport for a long time and he basically taught me the game.”

While the differences were vast, especially considering Morrison had only ever worked with traditional hockey prior to that event, the biggest difference came down to positioning on the ice. 

“Everything I knew about positioning basically got thrown out the window,” Morrison said. “You have to be on top of the play at all times because the penalties are much more subtle and much more difficult to see. You have a stick that’s only 100 centimeters long, so that hook is really hard to see.”

Besides that, Morrison also learned the hard way that certain plays look a heckuva lot different. 

“A guy using his stick underneath his sled to try to shoot a puck in a motion for someone that hasn’t been around sled hockey looks a lot like he basically threw it with his hand,” Morrison said. “I remember I actually waved off a goal that I thought was put in with his hand and everybody else knew he put it in with his stick.”

That three-team sled hockey tournament, featuring the United States, Canada, and Germany, gave Morrison the confidence he needed heading into the 2006 Paralympic Games in Torino.

“I had just worked a bunch of games at a really high level,” Morrison said. “I was seeing the best players, so I felt good. When I actually got to the 2006 Paralympic Games in Torino it was one of those things where I had to step up and get better every game. There was no choice.”

For Morrison, the first game of the 2006 Paralympic Games in Torino was life-changing.

“When I was younger I was hoping to make the NHL (as an official),” Morrison said. “Once I was about 30 years old, I realized that it wasn’t going to happen, so I kind of switched mental gears and said, ‘OK. Let’s go the international route.’ Obviously the brass ring for the international route is the Olympics. That’s what I was pushing for. That’s what I thought I had my best shot at. Then all of a sudden I get this call that I am going to the Paralympics. It took my breath away. I had been working for something like that, and once it happened, all I wanted to do was get ready for it.”

Since then, Morrison has worked three more Paralympic Games (Vancouver, Sochi, and Pyeongchang) on top of handling his current role with the International Paralympic Committee.

In that position, Morrison works with the technical side of the sport, which basically focuses on our rulebooks, as well as the officiating development side of the sport, which essentially is a pathway that finds a way to get the most out of our officials. He also oversees the assigning of certain officials to certain tournaments

“I am looking for officials that have succeeded at some of the highest levels that show a passion for the sport,” Morrison said. “I’d say the passion for the sport is as important, if not more important, than what they have accomplished elsewhere. I don’t want the guy that calls me and is like, ‘Hey. I’m a good linesman. Can I go to the World Championships?’ Sorry. It doesn’t work that way. I want guys that actually love the sport.”

That became a focus based on his experiences with the sport over the better part of the last two decades. He has grown extremely passionate about it, and as the leader of the bunch, he wants every member of his officiating crews to feel the same way. 

“I’ve been in this sport long enough and I know guys that have worked the Calder Cup and worked the Frozen Four that I could introduce them to sport the same way I was introduced and they’d do a good job,” Morrison said. “That said, I want that individual who is so passionate about the sport that they have taken a week out of their summer to come and train with us. I’m looking for someone who is passionate about the sport and I think we’ve done a good job with that so far.”