skip navigation

Mirasolo: Multiple positions maximize development

By Blake Schuster, 01/26/17, 11:00AM MST


Want to create smart, skilled players in all aspects of the game? Encourage your kids to play multiple positions, said Harvard University women’s hockey assistant coach Lee-J Mirasolo.

A former Boston College standout player and Wakefield, Mass., native, Mirasolo was an assistant coach at Princeton University for four years prior to joining Harvard. She has coached defensemen, forwards and the penalty kill in her career, along with handling recruiting responsibilities. Finding players who can make an impact all over the ice has become one of her priorities.

USA Hockey caught up with Mirasolo to talk about building versatile players and why development is more valuable than victories in youth hockey.

USA Hockey: When should coaches start implementing versatility training with players?

Lee-J Mirasolo: From the get-go. With something as simple as teaching players how to skate, it’s really beneficial to teach both forward skating and backward skating. They’re two similar skill sets, but different, that are really important in order to be able to play both forward and defense.

USA Hockey: How should coaches balance players who excel at one position with teaching them how to play different positions?

Mirasolo: At practice, especially with the USA Hockey’s American Development Model, it allows them work on the different skills and that’s really important. Even though they are excelling in one position, working on the skills of the other positions – because there are definite differences in forward skills and defense skills – is a really good way for those players to develop in both ways. I think this lends itself later to being able to know the game at a different level, and understanding what defensemen are going to see when you’re playing forward and vice versa.

USA Hockey: Should coaches be rotating players through different positions in games?

Mirasolo: I think it’s good to rotate through. It’s beneficial for individual players, and the advantage for players later down the road, as they continue to play and progress, is huge. The upside is huge.

Certainly there are coaches who are doing an unbelievable job at developing their players on an individual level and as teammates, but I do think there is way too much emphasis on winning and losing at the youth level. And I think it’s at the cost of development for these individual players. Of course competition is something that should be taught, but that’s only secondary to teaching these young players different skill sets and being good teammates.

USA Hockey: How can coaches explain to their youth players that they should focus on developing their skills more than winning games?

Mirasolo: I’m really process-driven, and I think that’s the way to go. If we’re all results-driven, you have to ask, ‘at what cost?’ Teaching those lessons – and I realize that at our (college) level there are certainly no moral victories – but if you look at it as process-driven, I think that is a great way to teach young players, and older players, that ‘hey, we may have not won the game today, but look at all these really great things we did in this area of the game.’ You can build on that.

USA Hockey: What are the best ways for coaches to implement versatility training at practice?

Mirasolo: I think instead of saying ‘Ds over here, forwards over here,’ I think saying ‘everybody is playing everything,’ is a really easy way to implement and promote versatility with individual players. That’s a really simple way to do it. (Editor’s note: small-area games are great for this.)

USA Hockey: Is there one skill coaches at higher levels are looking for?

Mirasolo: Myself specifically, I look for skating. It’s the first thing I notice. When you find a player who can play both forward and defense, there is definitely more of an appeal factor to that player as you go through recruiting. At our level, we are riddled with injuries, and I think that’s true for a lot of different programs and teams. You never really know who is going to go down and where, so if you have a player on your team who can play both forward and defense, and has experience with both, I think they see the game in a different way and understand the game in a different way, and that makes them more appealing as a player and potential recruit.

Recent News

Most Popular Articles

12U+: 3v3 Wrap-Around

By USA Hockey 01/23/2023, 1:30pm MST

2022-23 ATO | WEEK 22

By USA Hockey Officiating Program 01/27/2023, 6:30am MST

QUESTION: If you have a player with a suspension, and you tell the referee to record it on the scoresheet before a game because the player is sitting out, but the referee comes over before the game a tells you he talked to the league and said he can play what should you do?

ANSWER: All suspensions and other forms of discipline are managed by the local USAH Affiliate of the team, and referees cannot determine player eligibility. Ultimately, it is the responsibility of the Team Coach to make sure players serve their suspensions. Therefore, it would be wise to receive any disciplinary notice from the local Affiliate first-hand.


QUESTIONA player is in the penalty box serving a minor penalty. Play continues 5 v. 4 while the player complains about the call. Play is stopped when the referee assesses the penalized player a second minor penalty for Unsportsmanlike Conduct. Should two minutes be added to the time remaining on the scoreboard for the player's first penalty, or should a second penalty be placed on the scoreboard with play then continuing "5 v. 3"?

ANSWER: In this situation, the same player earned both penalties. Therefore, two minutes must be added to the remaining time on the player’s first penalty and play resumes 5 v. 4.


QUESTIONAttacking team in the attacking zone gets a delayed penalty for High-Sticking. The defensive team clears the puck out of the zone and the penalized team's goalie plays the puck. I would like to know where the ensuing face-off should take place.

ANSWER: Since play stopped due to the offending team’s goalkeeper securing possession and control of the puck, the face-off would be located at the nearest face-off spot (in the same zone) as where the goalkeeper played the puck.


QUESTIONIf a goalie kicks the net off, can a goal still be scored? Situation is a goal mouth pass came from left to right, goalie slid across, knocking the net off, and a pass was then sent back across to the for an open net goal. Ref called it a "goal" and then realized the net was off and called it "no goal".

ANSWERRule 610.e in the USA Hockey Playing Rules states:

“Play shall be stopped immediately when the goal frame has been displaced from its normal position.”

Therefore, if the officials are 100% certain that the goal frame was displaced before the puck entered the goal, they must disallow the goal.


QUESTION:  If a player of the opposing team swears at a coach, what is the punishment for that player?

ANSWERRule 601.c in the USA Hockey Playing Rules states:

“A misconduct penalty shall be assessed to any player who commits the following actions:

Persists in any conduct where they were previously assessed a minor penalty for unsportsmanlike conduct.

Using obscene, profane or abusive language to any person anywhere in the rink before, during or after the game.

Intentionally knocking or shooting the puck out of the reach of an official who is retrieving it during a stoppage of play.

Not proceeding directly and immediately to the penalty bench or to the dressing room, after being penalized and ordered to do so by the officials (equipment shall be delivered to him by a teammate, if necessary).

Entering or remaining in the Referee’s Crease, unless invited to do so.

Interfering in any non-physical manner with any Game Official including the Referee, Linesman, Timekeepers or Goal Judges in the performance of their duties.”


The USA Hockey Playing Rules are now available as a mobile device app! Check your Apple, Android, or Windows app store to download this playing rule app free of charge.

Check out the USA Hockey mobile-friendly online rulebook application! Enter into your mobile device’s web browser to gain instant access to the USA Hockey Playing Rules (must have mobile or internet service).

The USA Hockey Playing Rules Casebook and other educational material can be found under the OFFICIALS tab at